Flag dangerous language in spoken conversations with Amazon Transcribe Toxicity Detection

The rise in on-line social actions comparable to social networking or on-line gaming is commonly riddled with hostile or aggressive habits that may result in unsolicited manifestations of hate speech, cyberbullying, or harassment. For instance, many on-line gaming communities provide voice chat performance to facilitate communication amongst their customers. Though voice chat usually helps pleasant banter and trash speaking, it might probably additionally result in issues comparable to hate speech, cyberbullying, harassment, and scams. Flagging dangerous language helps organizations maintain conversations civil and preserve a protected and inclusive on-line atmosphere for customers to create, share, and take part freely. Right now, many corporations rely solely on human moderators to overview poisonous content material. Nevertheless, scaling human moderators to fulfill these wants at a ample high quality and velocity is dear. Because of this, many organizations threat going through excessive consumer attrition charges, reputational harm, and regulatory fines. As well as, moderators are sometimes psychologically impacted by reviewing the poisonous content material.

Amazon Transcribe is an automated speech recognition (ASR) service that makes it simple for builders so as to add speech-to-text functionality to their purposes. Right now, we’re excited to announce Amazon Transcribe Toxicity Detection, a machine studying (ML)-powered functionality that makes use of each audio and text-based cues to establish and classify voice-based poisonous content material throughout seven classes, together with sexual harassment, hate speech, threats, abuse, profanity, insults, and graphic language. Along with textual content, Toxicity Detection makes use of speech cues comparable to tones and pitch to hone in on poisonous intent in speech.

That is an enchancment from customary content material moderation programs which can be designed to focus solely on particular phrases, with out accounting for intention. Most enterprises have an SLA of seven–15 days to overview content material reported by customers as a result of moderators should take heed to prolonged audio recordsdata to judge if and when the dialog turned poisonous. With Amazon Transcribe Toxicity Detection, moderators solely overview the particular portion of the audio file flagged for poisonous content material (vs. your entire audio file). The content material human moderators should overview is decreased by 95%, enabling prospects to scale back their SLA to only a few hours, in addition to allow them to proactively average extra content material past simply what’s flagged by the customers. It is going to enable enterprises to mechanically detect and average content material at scale, present a protected and inclusive on-line atmosphere, and take motion earlier than it might probably trigger consumer churn or reputational harm. The fashions used for poisonous content material detection are maintained by Amazon Transcribe and up to date periodically to take care of accuracy and relevance.

On this put up, you’ll learn to:

  • Determine dangerous content material in speech with Amazon Transcribe Toxicity Detection
  • Use the Amazon Transcribe console for toxicity detection
  • Create a transcription job with toxicity detection utilizing the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI) and Python SDK
  • Use the Amazon Transcribe toxicity detection API response

Detect toxicity in audio chat with Amazon Transcribe Toxicity Detection

Amazon Transcribe now supplies a easy, ML-based resolution for flagging dangerous language in spoken conversations. This characteristic is particularly helpful for social media, gaming, and common wants, eliminating the necessity for patrons to supply their very own knowledge to coach the ML mannequin. Toxicity Detection classifies poisonous audio content material into the next seven classes and supplies a confidence rating (0–1) for every class:

  • Profanity – Speech that accommodates phrases, phrases, or acronyms which can be rude, vulgar, or offensive.
  • Hate speech – Speech that criticizes, insults, denounces, or dehumanizes an individual or group on the idea of an identification (comparable to race, ethnicity, gender, faith, sexual orientation, capacity, and nationwide origin).
  • Sexual – Speech that signifies sexual curiosity, exercise, or arousal utilizing direct or oblique references to physique components, bodily traits, or intercourse.
  • Insults – Speech that features demeaning, humiliating, mocking, insulting, or belittling language. The sort of language can be labeled as bullying.
  • Violence or risk – Speech that features threats searching for to inflict ache, harm, or hostility towards an individual or group.
  • Graphic – Speech that makes use of visually descriptive and unpleasantly vivid imagery. The sort of language is commonly deliberately verbose to amplify a recipient’s discomfort.
  • Harassment or abusive – Speech supposed to affect the psychological well-being of the recipient, together with demeaning and objectifying phrases.

You possibly can entry Toxicity Detection both through the Amazon Transcribe console or by calling the APIs instantly utilizing the AWS CLI or the AWS SDKs. On the Amazon Transcribe console, you’ll be able to add the audio recordsdata you wish to take a look at for toxicity and get leads to only a few clicks. Amazon Transcribe will establish and categorize poisonous content material, comparable to harassment, hate speech, sexual content material, violence, insults, and profanity. Amazon Transcribe additionally supplies a confidence rating for every class, offering invaluable insights into the content material’s toxicity stage. Toxicity Detection is at the moment accessible in the usual Amazon Transcribe API for batch processing and helps US English language.

Amazon Transcribe console walkthrough

To get began, sign up to the AWS Management Console and go to Amazon Transcribe. To create a brand new transcription job, you’ll want to add your recorded recordsdata into an Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket earlier than they are often processed. On the audio settings web page, as proven within the following screenshot, allow Toxicity detection and proceed to create the brand new job. Amazon Transcribe will course of the transcription job within the background. Because the job progresses, you’ll be able to anticipate the standing to vary to COMPLETED when the method is completed.

To overview the outcomes of a transcription job, select the job from the job listing to open it. Scroll all the way down to the Transcription preview part to verify outcomes on the Toxicity tab. The UI exhibits color-coded transcription segments to point the extent of toxicity, decided by the arrogance rating. To customise the show, you should use the toggle bars within the Filters pane. These bars assist you to regulate the thresholds and filter the toxicity classes accordingly.

The next screenshot has lined parts of the transcription textual content as a result of presence of delicate or poisonous data.

Transcription API with a toxicity detection request

On this part, we information you thru making a transcription job with toxicity detection utilizing programming interfaces. If the audio file isn’t already in an S3 bucket, add it to make sure entry by Amazon Transcribe. Just like making a transcription job on the console, when invoking the job, you’ll want to present the next parameters:

  • TranscriptionJobName – Specify a singular job identify.
  • MediaFileUri – Enter the URI location of the audio file on Amazon S3. Amazon Transcribe helps the next audio codecs: MP3, MP4, WAV, FLAC, AMR, OGG, or WebM
  • LanguageCode – Set to en-US. As of this writing, Toxicity Detection solely helps US English language.
  • ToxicityCategories – Go the ALL worth to incorporate all supported toxicity detection classes.

The next are examples of beginning a transcription job with toxicity detection enabled utilizing Python3:

import time
import boto3

transcribe = boto3.shopper('transcribe', 'us-east-1')
job_name = "toxicity-detection-demo"
job_uri = "s3://my-bucket/my-folder/my-file.wav"
# begin a transcription job
    TranscriptionJobName = job_name,
    Media = { 'MediaFileUri': job_uri },
    OutputKey = 'my-output-files/',
    ToxicityDetection = [{'ToxicityCategories': ['ALL']}]

# await the transcription job to finish
whereas True:
    standing = transcribe.get_transcription_job(TranscriptionJobName = job_name)
    if standing['TranscriptionJob']['TranscriptionJobStatus'] in ['COMPLETED', 'FAILED']:
    print("Not prepared but...")

You possibly can invoke the identical transcription job with toxicity detection utilizing the next AWS CLI command:

aws transcribe start-transcription-job 
--region us-east-1 
--transcription-job-name toxicity-detection-demo 
--media MediaFileUri=s3://my-bucket/my-folder/my-file.wav 
 --output-bucket-name doc-example-bucket 
--output-key my-output-files/ 
--language-code en-US 
--toxicity-detection ToxicityCategories=ALL

Transcription API with toxicity detection response

The Amazon Transcribe toxicity detection JSON output will embrace the transcription leads to the outcomes subject. Enabling toxicity detection provides an additional subject known as toxicityDetection below the outcomes subject. toxicityDetection features a listing of transcribed gadgets with the next parameters:

  • textual content – The uncooked transcribed textual content
  • toxicity – A confidence rating of detection (a price between 0–1)
  • classes – A confidence rating for every class of poisonous speech
  • start_time – The beginning place of detection within the audio file (seconds)
  • end_time – The top place of detection within the audio file (seconds)

The next is a pattern abbreviated toxicity detection response you’ll be able to obtain from the console:

    "transcripts": [...],
    "toxicityDetection": [
        "toxicity": 0.8419,
        "categories": {
          "PROFANITY": 0.7041,
          "HATE_SPEECH": 0.0163,
          "SEXUAL": 0.0097,
          "INSULT": 0.8532,
          "VIOLENCE_OR_THREAT": 0.0031,
          "GRAPHIC": 0.0017,
          "HARASSMENT_OR_ABUSE": 0.0497
        "start_time": 16.298,
        "end_time": 20.35
  "standing": "COMPLETED"


On this put up, we supplied an outline of the brand new Amazon Transcribe Toxicity Detection characteristic. We additionally described how one can parse the toxicity detection JSON output. For extra data, try the Amazon Transcribe console and check out the Transcription API with Toxicity Detection.

Amazon Transcribe Toxicity Detection is now accessible within the following AWS Areas: US East (Ohio), US East (N. Virginia), US West (Oregon), Asia Pacific (Sydney), Europe (Eire), and Europe (London). To study extra, go to Amazon Transcribe.

Be taught extra about content moderation on AWS and our content moderation ML use cases. Take step one in direction of streamlining your content moderation operations with AWS.

In regards to the creator

Lana ZhangLana Zhang is a Senior Options Architect at AWS WWSO AI Providers group, specializing in AI and ML for content material moderation, pc imaginative and prescient, and pure language processing. Together with her experience, she is devoted to selling AWS AI/ML options and aiding prospects in remodeling their enterprise options throughout numerous industries, together with social media, gaming, e-commerce, and promoting & advertising.

Sumit Kumar is a Sr Product Supervisor, Technical at AWS AI Language Providers group. He has 10 years of product administration expertise throughout quite a lot of domains and is captivated with AI/ML. Outdoors of labor, Sumit likes to journey and enjoys enjoying cricket and Garden-Tennis.

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