NoSQL Databases and Their Use Circumstances

NoSQL Databases and Their Use Cases
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Within the Seventies, Edgar F. Codd proposed the relational database mannequin, generally referred to as SQL databases. These databases are primarily designed for dealing with structured information having relational fashions. They’ll deal with transactional information, which entails storing and manipulating information in tables with predefined schemas. Well-known examples of SQL databases are MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle Server.

Within the Eighties, they gained immense recognition, however after that, the demand and quantity of knowledge elevated, and the necessity for various information varieties turned extra various to the purpose the place SQL databases struggled. Along with that, they’re sophisticated for horizontal scaling, which makes them not appropriate for dealing with massive quantities of knowledge.

To cater to those limitations of SQL databases, within the early 2000s, NoSQL databases got here into the image. They’re document-oriented databases and use quick key-value pairs to retailer information. They’re able to parsing information from the paperwork and storing that information underneath keys quite than defining strict tables of data, not like SQL databases.

NoSQL databases have now turn into mainstream and supply numerous benefits over SQL databases. But it surely doesn’t essentially imply that NoSQL databases are higher than SQL.  Each SQL and NoSQL databases serve totally different functions and use totally different approaches to information administration. One is used for relational information, and the opposite is for non-relational information. SQL databases are nonetheless in use the place there’s a must run advanced queries, and the database schema is well-defined. Well-known examples are MongoDB, Cassandra, Neo4J and Redis.

However NoSQL databases are higher than SQL databases in sure areas mentioned beneath.



Beneath are some key options the place NoSQL databases carry out higher than SQL databases.

  1. Flexibility:

It implies that information could be dynamically added or eliminated with out altering the construction of the unique database. It means not like SQL databases, they do not require inflexible schemas. They’re designed to deal with any information format structured, semi-structured or unstructured. This offers freedom for the builders to deal with the appliance growth quite than worrying concerning the database schema. 

  1. Scalability:

NoSQL databases help horizontal scaling, which implies we will scale it by including extra servers as a substitute of accelerating the capability of a single server. This makes it extra highly effective to deal with massive numbers of requests.

  1. Excessive Availability:

As a consequence of its characteristic of replicating its database throughout a number of servers, it offers very low latency and nearly zero downtime to its customers. Additionally, they divide the site visitors amongst themselves to cut back the burden on a single server.

  1. Efficiency: 

They’re designed to optimize the learn and write performances, making them appropriate for real-time information processing purposes the place day by day tera-bytes of knowledge are generated. They’ve a sooner question response time and help database sharding, enhancing their total efficiency.


NoSQL Databases and Their Use Cases
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These are some factors the place NoSQL databases carry out higher than SQL databases. The next part will focus on the varieties of NoSQL databases and their use instances.



There are numerous varieties of NoSQL databases, every having its personal profit and limitations. Beneath now we have mentioned some widespread ones:




That is probably the most versatile NoSQL database. It requires a key-value pair for storing information. A key could be a distinctive attribute, like an id, that corresponds to a selected worth. The applying has management to retailer any kind of knowledge within the worth subject. These are appropriate for real-time purposes, caching, or session administration. Redis and Riak are well-known examples of key-value databases.

Use Case:

This database is greatest suited to e-commerce platforms the place massive quantities of customer-related information like orders, consumer profiles, and product catalogs are generated day by day. As a consequence of its low latency and fast processing, it’s appropriate for real-time stock administration and dealing with excessive site visitors.




These databases retailer information in paperwork, primarily within the type of JSON objects. That is most fitted for storing semi-structured or unstructured information, the place there is no such thing as a must specify the doc’s fields explicitly. MongoDB is a well-known instance of a document-oriented database.

Use Case:

That is greatest suited to Content material Administration Programs, for instance, a running a blog web site. Knowledge within the type of articles, feedback, classes, and tags could be saved and retrieved shortly. Doc-based information is appropriate for storing unstructured information like texts, pictures, hyperlinks, and so on. Additionally, its versatile schema behaviour permits straightforward modifications within the information mannequin.


Graph Databases


One of these NoSQL database is most fitted for information which can be strongly interconnected to one another. They retailer information within the type of nodes and edges and are used to characterize advanced relationships between objects. It’s best appropriate for social media purposes and for creating suggestion engines. Well-known examples are Neo4J and InfoGrid.

Use Case:

They’re most suited to creating suggestion engines. Take the instance of Youtube, which recommends movies to customers primarily based on their viewing historical past. Graph databases can retailer and course of interconnected information and shortly ship related content material.


Column-based Databases


In one of these NoSQL database, the information is saved in column households. Comparable varieties of information are grouped into cells and saved in columns of knowledge as a substitute of rows. A column may even include a number of rows and columns inside it, which have their very own distinctive id.

In a conventional SQL database, the question executes row by row. However within the columnar database, the question executes just for the precise column we would like. This protects time and makes it appropriate for dealing with massive datasets. They could seem like a SQL database, as they contain some type of schema administration and performance the identical approach as relational desk works. However they’re much more versatile and environment friendly than SQL databases, making them within the NoSQL databases class.

Fashionable examples of columnar databases are Apache HBase and Apache Cassandra. You possibly can learn this article by Alex Williams for extra details about this subject.

Use Case:

Column-family databases are greatest suited to information warehousing purposes. These purposes require analyzing massive quantities of knowledge for enterprise intelligence with a excessive write throughput, and column-family databases utterly take cost of it.


NoSQL Databases and Their Use Cases
Various kinds of NoSQL Databases | Picture by Creator



On this article, now we have learnt what NoSQL databases are and a glimpse of the basic distinction between SQL and NoSQL databases. Then, we mentioned the favored varieties of NoSQL databases together with their use instances.

There’s all the time a What to Select? between SQL and NoSQL databases. To make the correct choice, first, you should perceive your software’s use case, information mannequin, scalability, and efficiency, after which determine.

I hope you loved studying the article. If in case you have any feedback or recommendations, please contact me on Linkedin.
Aryan Garg is a B.Tech. Electrical Engineering scholar, at present within the closing yr of his undergrad. His curiosity lies within the subject of Net Growth and Machine Studying. He have pursued this curiosity and am wanting to work extra in these instructions.

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