Intelligently search Drupal content material utilizing Amazon Kendra

Amazon Kendra is an clever search service powered by machine studying (ML). Amazon Kendra helps you simply mixture content material from a wide range of content material repositories right into a centralized index that allows you to rapidly search all of your enterprise knowledge and discover essentially the most correct reply. Drupal is a content material administration software program. It’s used to make lots of the web sites and functions we use every single day. Drupal has a terrific characteristic set, like simple content material authoring, dependable efficiency, and safety. Many organizations use Drupal to retailer their content material. One of many key necessities for a lot of clients utilizing Drupal is the flexibility to simply and securely discover correct data throughout all of the paperwork within the knowledge supply.

With the Amazon Kendra Drupal connector, you’ll be able to index Drupal content material, filter the forms of customized content material you wish to index, and simply search by Drupal content material utilizing Amazon Kendra clever search.

This submit reveals you methods to use the Amazon Kendra Drupal connector to configure the connector as a knowledge supply in your Amazon Kendra index and search your Drupal paperwork. Primarily based on the configuration of the Drupal connector, you’ll be able to synchronize the connector to crawl and index various kinds of Drupal content material reminiscent of blogs and wikis. The connector additionally ingests the entry management record (ACL) data for every file. The ACL data is used for user context filtering, the place search outcomes for a question are filtered by what a person has approved entry to.


To check out the Amazon Kendra connector for Drupal utilizing this submit as a reference, you want the next:

Configure the information supply utilizing the Amazon Kendra connector for Drupal

So as to add a knowledge supply to your Amazon Kendra index utilizing the Drupal connector, you should use an present index or create a new index. Then full the next steps. For extra data on this matter, consult with the Amazon Kendra Developer Guide.

  1. On the Amazon Kendra console, open your index and select Information sources within the navigation pane.
  2. Select Add knowledge supply.
  3. Beneath Drupal, select Add connector.
  4. Within the Specify knowledge supply particulars part, enter a reputation and outline and select Subsequent.
  5. On the Outline entry and safety part, for Drupal Host URL, enter the Drupal web site URL.
  6. To configure the SSL certificates, you’ll be able to create a self-signed certificates for this setup utilizing the openssl x509 -in mydrupalsite.pem -out drupal.crt command and retailer the certificates in an Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket. For extra particulars on producing a personal key and the certificates, consult with Generating Certificates.
  7. Select Browse S3 and select the S3 bucket with the SSL certificates.
  8. Beneath Authentication, you might have two choices:
    • Use Secrets and techniques Supervisor to create new Drupal authentication credentials. You want a Drupal admin person identify and password (moreover, a shopper ID and shopper secret for OAuth 2.0 authentication).
    • Use an present Secrets and techniques Supervisor secret that has the Drupal authentication credentials you need the connector to entry (moreover, a shopper ID and shopper secret for OAuth 2.0 authentication).
  9. Select Save and add secret.
  10. For IAM position, select Create a brand new position or select an present IAM position configured with applicable IAM insurance policies to entry the Secrets and techniques Supervisor secret, Amazon Kendra index, and knowledge supply.

Confer with IAM roles for data sources for the required permissions for the IAM position.

  1. Select Subsequent.
  2. Within the Configure sync settings part, choose Articles, Fundamental pages, Fundamental blocks, Customized content material sorts, and Customized Blocks together with choices to crawl feedback and attachments as wanted.
  3. Optionally, enter the embrace/exclude patterns for the entity titles.
  4. Present details about your sync scope (full or delta solely) and specify the run schedule.
  5. Select Subsequent.

  6. Within the Set area mappings part, add customized Drupal fields you wish to sync and their respective Amazon Kendra area mappings. The required fields are pre-mapped by Amazon Kendra.
  7. Select Subsequent.
  8. Evaluate the configuration settings and save the information supply.
  9. Select Sync now on the created knowledge supply to start out knowledge synchronization with the Amazon Kendra Index.

The time required to crawl and sync the contents into Amazon Kendra varies primarily based on the quantity of content material and the throughput.

Now you can search the listed Drupal content material utilizing the search console or a search software. Optionally, you’ll be able to search with ACL with the next extra steps.

  1. Go to the index web page that you simply created and on the Consumer entry control tab, select Edit settings.
  2. Beneath Entry management settings, choose Sure, maintain the default values for Username and Teams, select JSON for Token kind, and maintain the user-group growth as None.
  3. On the following web page, retain the default values (or change them primarily based in your capability necessities) and select Replace.

Carry out clever search with Amazon Kendra

Earlier than you strive looking on the Amazon Kendra console or utilizing the API, be sure that the information supply sync is full. To test, view the information sources and confirm if the final sync was profitable.

  1. To start out your search, on the Amazon Kendra console, select Search listed content material within the navigation pane.

You’re redirected to the Amazon Kendra search console. Now you’ll be able to search data from the Drupal paperwork you listed utilizing Amazon Kendra.

  1. For this submit, we seek for a doc saved within the Drupal knowledge supply.
  2. Develop Take a look at question with an entry token and select Apply token.
  3. For Username, enter the e-mail handle related together with your Drupal account.
  4. Select Apply.

Now the person can solely see the content material they’ve entry primarily based on the person identify or teams specified. In our instance, the Drupal person with the take a look e-mail doesn’t have entry to any paperwork on Drupal, so none are displayed.


Be aware the next limitations when utilizing this resolution:

  • The content material sorts (reminiscent of article, or primary web page) that aren’t related to any view can’t be crawled.
  • If an administrator doesn’t have entry to a block, then you’ll be able to’t crawl the information from the block.
  • The doc physique for article, primary web page, primary block, user-defined content material kind, and user-defined block kind is displayed in HTML format. If the HTML content material isn’t well-formed, then the HTML associated tags will seem within the doc physique and due to this fact could be seen on the Amazon Kendra search outcomes. This is identical with feedback of article, primary web page, primary block, user-defined content material kind, user-defined block kind.
  • The content material kind or block kind with out description or physique won’t be injected into the Amazon Kendra index as a result of there’s a validation on the Amazon Kendra SDK facet. Nevertheless, Drupal permits you to create the content material kind with out description or physique. Solely the feedback and attachments of the respective content material sorts or block sorts (in the event that they exist) will likely be injected into the Amazon Kendra index.

Clear up

To keep away from incurring future prices, clear up the assets you created as a part of this resolution. When you created a brand new Amazon Kendra index whereas testing this resolution, delete it. When you solely added a brand new knowledge supply utilizing the Amazon Kendra connector for Drupal, delete that knowledge supply. Delete any IAM customers created.


With the Amazon Kendra Drupal connector, your group can search contents saved in a Drupal web site securely utilizing clever search powered by Amazon Kendra. On this submit, we launched you to the combination, however there are various extra options that we didn’t cowl, reminiscent of the next:

  • You possibly can map extra fields to Amazon Kendra index attributes and allow them for faceting, search, and show within the search outcomes
  • You possibly can combine the Drupal knowledge supply with the Customized Doc Enrichment (CDE) functionality in Amazon Kendra to carry out extra attribute mapping logic and even customized content material transformation throughout ingestion

To study extra in regards to the potentialities with Drupal, consult with the Amazon Kendra Developer Guide.

For extra data on different Amazon Kendra built-in connectors for widespread knowledge sources, consult with the Amazon Kendra Connectors web page.

In regards to the authors

Channa Basavaraja is a Senior Options Architect at AWS with over 2 a long time of expertise constructing distributed enterprise options. His areas of depth span Machine Studying, app/cellular dev, event-driven structure, and IoT/edge computing.

Yuanhua Wang is a software program engineer at AWS with greater than 15 years of expertise within the expertise business. His pursuits are software program structure and construct instruments on cloud computing.

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