Intelligently search Adobe Expertise Supervisor content material utilizing Amazon Kendra

Amazon Kendra is an clever search service powered by machine studying (ML). With Amazon Kendra, you may simply combination content material from a wide range of content material repositories into an index that allows you to shortly search all of your enterprise knowledge and discover probably the most correct reply. Adobe Expertise Supervisor (AEM) is a content material administration system that’s used for creating web site or cellular app content material. Many organizations use Adobe Experience Manager (On-Premise) or Adobe Experience Manager (Cloud Service) as their content material administration platform. Enterprise customers want to have the ability to seek for correct solutions simply and securely throughout content material from a number of knowledge sources within the enterprise, together with AEM, from content material akin to belongings and pages.

Amazon Kendra clients can now use the Amazon Kendra AEM connector to index pages and belongings from AEM. Amazon Kendra helps AEM as a Cloud Service writer situations and AEM On-Premise writer and publish situations. You may index AEM content material and filter the varieties of content material you wish to index with the Amazon Kendra AEM On-Premise or Cloud Service connector, and search your knowledge from AEM with Amazon Kendra clever search.

This submit exhibits you easy methods to configure the Amazon Kendra AEM connector to index your content material and search your AEM belongings and pages. The connector additionally ingests the entry management record (ACL) info for every doc. The ACL info is used to point out search outcomes filtered by what a person has entry to.

Resolution overview

In our answer, we configure AEM as an information supply for an Amazon Kendra search index utilizing the Amazon Kendra AEM connector. Primarily based on the configuration, when the information supply is synchronized, the connector crawls and indexes all of the content material from AEM that was created on or earlier than a selected date. The connector additionally indexes the Entry Management Record (ACL) info for every message and doc. When entry management or person context filtering is enabled, the search outcomes of a question made by a person consists of outcomes solely from these paperwork that the person is permitted to learn.

The Amazon Kendra AEM connector can combine with AWS IAM Identity Center (Successor to AWS Single Signal-On). You first should allow IAM Identification Heart and create a corporation to sync customers and teams out of your energetic listing. The connector will use the person identify and group lookup for the person context of the search queries.


To check out the Amazon Kendra connector for AEM utilizing this submit as a reference, you want the next:

Arrange OAuth2.0

If you’re utilizing AEM On-Premise, setup OAuth2.0 to generate an SSL certificates with the intention to full the configuration of Amazon Kendra AEM connector.

The Adobe Granite OAuth 2.0 server implementation (com.adobe.granite.oauth.server) supplies the assist for OAuth 2.0 server functionalities in AEM.

Allow the OAuth Server authentication handler

By default, AEM received’t allow the OAuth Server authentication handler. To allow it, full the next steps:

  1. To begin the AEM native occasion, go to http://localhost:<port>/system/console/configMgr/com.adobe.granite.oauth.server.auth.impl.OAuth2ServerAuthenticationHandler
  2. Change the jaas.rating.identify worth to 1100 within the Adobe Granite OAuth Server Authentication Handler part and save the configuration.

The OAuth Server authentication handler is now enabled.

Register the OAuth shopper

Each exterior utility requires OAuth authentication to be registered as an OAuth shopper in AEM. To register the OAuth shopper, full the next steps:

  1. On the AEM begin web page, select Safety and OAuth shopper.
  2. Enter a reputation and redirect URI.
  3. Select Save.

After a profitable authorization of an utility, the OAuth server will redirect you again to the appliance with an authorization code to the configured redirect URL.

  1. Copy the shopper ID and shopper secret and preserve them protected.

The Granite OAuth Server helps the next grant sorts:

  • Authorization code
  • Refresh token
  • JWT bearer token

For this submit, we use OAuth2.0 with the JWT grant kind.

The JWT bearer token is especially used for server-to-server integration. This can assist us allow the server-to-server integration with out the useful resource proprietor interplay; for instance, to retrieve or add information with out person interplay.

Generate the JWT token

Full the next steps to generate the JWT token:

  1. Navigate to localhost and the OAuth shopper.
  2. Select Obtain Non-public Key.
  3. Select Obtain.

Generate the general public certificates

Now, generate the general public certificates from the downloaded personal key, run the next command, and enter the personal key password.

Use the openssl command to generate the personal key:

>openssl pkcs12 -in retailer.p12 -out retailer.crt.pem -clcerts -nokeys

Extract the personal key:

openssl pkcs12 -in retailer.p12 -passin cross:notasecret -nocerts -nodes -out retailer.personal.key.txt

Make certain to put in openssl and add to the surroundings path beforehand.

Earlier than utilizing the personal key whereas configuring the Amazon Kendra knowledge supply, be certain that to not use or copy “-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----” and “-----END PRIVATE KEY-----“ within the code. Moreover, take away any empty areas from the personal key.

Use the generated ClientId, ClientSecret, and personal key to configure the Amazon Kendra AEM knowledge supply.

For OAuth shopper registration, navigate to http://localhost:<port>/libs/granite/oauth/content material/purchasers.html.

Arrange SSL

Full the next steps to arrange SSL:

  1. Create the important thing:
openssl genrsa -aes256 -out <keyFileName>.key 4096

  1. Encrypt the important thing:
openssl req -sha256 -new -key <keyFileName>.key -out <keyFileName>.csr -subj '/CN=<keyFileName>'

  1. Signal the important thing:
openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in <keyFileName>.csr -signkey <keyFileName>.key -out <keyFileName>.crt

  1. Encode the personal key to der format:
openssl pkcs8 -topk8 -inform PEM -outform DER -in <keyFileName>.key -out <keyFileName>.der -nocrypt

4 information will likely be generated with file names beginning with <keyFileName>. We use <keyFileName>.crt and <keyFileName>.der in later steps.

  1. Subsequent, log in to AEM at http://localhost:<port>/aem/begin.html.
  2. Select Instruments, Safety, and SSL Configuration.
  3. Within the Retailer Credentials part, enter the important thing retailer and belief retailer password.

  1. Within the Keys and Certificates part, specify the .der file for Non-public Key and the .crt file for Certificates.

  1. Within the subsequent part, enter the area (localhost), and go away the port as is.
  2. Select Completed.

AEM will open within the specified new port. For instance, https://localhost:8443.

  1. Log in to AEM utilizing HTTPS and obtain the certificates within the browser utilizing the lock/pad button, export the certificates, and identify it privateKey.crt.

Now, let’s import the certificates into the keystore path utilizing the important thing device.

  1. Open a terminal and go to the folder location the place privateKey.crt is current and run the next command:
keytool -import -trustcacerts -keystore <JAVA_HOME>/lib/safety/cacerts -storepass changeit -noprompt -alias yourAliasName -file privateKey.crt

Be sure you open 8443 and 80 port in your firewall settings.

  1. Add the certificates privateKey.crt to an Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket.

Configure the information supply utilizing the Amazon Kendra connector for AEM

You should use an present index or create a new index to index paperwork from AEM utilizing the AEM connector. Then full the next steps. For extra info, discuss with the Amazon Kendra Developer Guide.

  1. On the Amazon Kendra console, open your index and select Knowledge sources within the navigation pane.
  2. Select Add knowledge supply.
  3. Below Adobe Expertise Supervisor, select Add connector.

  1. Within the Specify knowledge supply particulars part, enter a reputation and optionally an outline, then select Subsequent.

  1. Within the Outline entry and safety part, choose both the AEM On-Premise or AEM as a Cloud Service supply kind and enter the AEM host URL. You could find the URL in your AEM settings.

If utilizing AEM On-Premise, enter the host URL of the AEM On-Premise server. Then select Browse S3 and select the S3 bucket with the SSL certificates.

If utilizing AEM as a Cloud Service, you should utilize the writer URL

  1. Below Authentication, you could have two choices, Fundamental authentication and OAuth 2.0 authentication.

If you choose Fundamental authentication, for AWS Secrets and techniques Supervisor secret, select Create and add a brand new secret. Then enter a reputation for the key, the AEM website person identify, and password. The person will need to have admin permission or be an admin person.

If you choose OAuth 2.0 authentication, for AWS Secrets and techniques Supervisor secret, select Create and add a brand new secret. Enter a reputation for the key, shopper ID, shopper secret, and personal key. When you use AEM as a Cloud Service, enter a reputation for the key, shopper ID, shopper secret, personal key, group ID, technical account ID, and Adobe Identification Administration System (IMS) host.

  1. Select Save or Add Secret.
  2. Within the Configure VPC and safety group part, you may optionally select to make use of a VPC. In that case, you will need to add subnets and VPC safety teams.
  3. Within the Identification crawler part, select to crawl id info on customers and teams with entry to sure paperwork and retailer this within the Amazon Kendra principal or id retailer.

That is helpful for filtering search outcomes based mostly on the person or their group entry to paperwork.

  1. Within the IAM part, create a brand new IAM position or select an present IAM position to entry repository credentials and index content material.
  2. Select Subsequent.

  1. Within the Configure sync settings part, present details about your sync scope.

You may embrace the information to be crawled utilizing inclusion patterns or exclude them utilizing exclusion patterns. Once you present a sample within the Embrace patterns part, solely paperwork matching that sample will likely be crawled. Once you present a sample within the Exclude patterns part, paperwork matching that sample will likely be not be crawled.

  1. When you use AEM On-Premise and the time zone of your server is totally different than the time zone of the Amazon Kendra AEM connector or index, you may specify the server time zone to align with the AEM connector or index within the Timezone ID part.

The default time zone for AEM On-Premise is the time zone of the Amazon Kendra AEM connector or index. The default time zone for AEM as a Cloud Service is Greenwich Imply Time.

  1. Select the Sync mode (for this submit, choose Full sync).

With the Full sync possibility, each time the sync runs, Amazon Kendra will crawl all paperwork and ingest every doc even when ingested earlier. The complete refresh lets you reset your Amazon Kendra index with out the necessity to delete and create a brand new knowledge supply. When you select New or modified content material sync or New, modified, or deleted content material sync, each time the sync job runs, it should course of solely objects added, modified, or deleted because the final crawl. Incremental crawls may help scale back runtime and price when used with datasets that append new objects to present knowledge sources regularly.

  1. For Sync run schedule, select Run on demand.
  2. Select Subsequent.

  1. Within the Set discipline mappings part, you may optionally choose from the Amazon Kendra generated default knowledge supply fields you wish to map to your index. So as to add customized knowledge supply fields, select Add Subject to create an index discipline identify to map to and the sphere knowledge kind. Specify the AEM discipline identify, index discipline identify, and knowledge kind.

  1. Select Subsequent.

  1. Evaluation your settings and select Add knowledge supply.

  1. After the information supply is added, select Knowledge sources within the navigation pane, choose the newly added knowledge supply, and select Sync now to start out knowledge supply synchronization with the Amazon Kendra index.

The sync course of will depend upon the quantity of knowledge to be crawled.

Now let’s allow entry management for the Amazon Kendra index.

  1. Within the navigation pane, select your index.
  2. On the Consumer entry management tab, select Edit settings.

  1. Change the settings to appear to be the next screenshot.
  2. Select Subsequent.

  1. Select Replace.

Wait a couple of minutes for the index to get up to date by the adjustments. Now let’s see how one can carry out clever search with Amazon Kendra.

Carry out clever search with Amazon Kendra

Earlier than you attempt looking out on the Amazon Kendra console or utilizing the API, be sure that the information supply sync is full. To test, view the information sources and confirm if the final sync was profitable.

Now we’re prepared to look our index.

  1. On the Amazon Kendra console, navigate to the index and select Search listed content material within the navigation pane.
  2. Let’s question the index utilizing “What was the impression of Siberian warmth wave?” with out offering an entry token.

Primarily based on our entry management settings within the index, a legitimate entry token is required to entry content material the person is allowed to see; subsequently, once we use this search question with out setting any person identify or group, no outcomes are returned.

  1. Subsequent, select Apply Token and set the person identify or person e-mail ID (for instance, that has entry to AEM content material.

Whereas crawling the AEM knowledge supply, the connecter would set the person e-mail ID as principal. If person’s e-mail ID shouldn’t be accessible, then the person identify could be set as a principal.

The next screenshot exhibits an instance with the person e-mail ID set as principal.

The next instance makes use of person identify user-dev-2 set as principal.

  1. Now, let’s attempt to search the identical content material with the token of person, who shouldn’t be licensed to view this particular doc that appeared within the previous question outcomes.

This confirms that paperwork ingested by the Amazon Kendra connector for AEM honors the ACLs set by and inside AEM and these identical ACLs are being enforced on the search outcomes based mostly on utilized token.

Clear up

To keep away from incurring future prices, clear up the assets you created as a part of this answer. When you created a brand new Amazon Kendra index whereas testing this answer, delete it. When you solely added a brand new knowledge supply utilizing the Amazon Kendra connector for AEM, delete that knowledge supply.


With the Amazon Kendra Adobe Expertise Supervisor connector, your group can search pages and belongings securely utilizing clever search powered by Amazon Kendra.

To be taught extra in regards to the Amazon Kendra connector for AEM, discuss with Adobe Experience Manager.

For extra info on different Amazon Kendra built-in connectors to fashionable knowledge sources, discuss with Amazon Kendra native connectors.

Concerning the Authors

Praveen Edem is a Senior Options Architect at Amazon Net Companies. He works with main monetary providers clients, architecting and modernizing their important large-scale functions whereas adopting AWS providers. He focuses on serverless and container-based workloads. He has over 20 years of IT expertise in utility improvement and software program structure.

Manjula Nagineni is a Senior Options Architect with AWS based mostly in New York. She works with main monetary service establishments, architecting and modernizing their large-scale functions whereas adopting AWS Cloud providers. She is keen about designing massive knowledge workloads cloud-natively. She has over 20 years of IT expertise in software program improvement, analytics, and structure throughout a number of domains akin to finance, manufacturing, and telecom.

Omkar Phadtare is a Software program Growth Engineer at Amazon Net Companies, with a deep-rooted ardour for cloud computing. Leveraging his technical experience and robust understanding of the area, he designs, develops, and implements cutting-edge, extremely scalable, and resilient cloud-based options for a various vary of recent companies and organizations.

Vijai Gandikota is a Senior Product Supervisor for Amazon Kendra at Amazon Net Companies, accountable for launching Amazon Kendra connectors, Principal Retailer, Search Analytics Dashboard, and different options of Amazon Kendra. He has over 20 years of expertise in designing, growing, and launching merchandise in AI and analytics.

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